Mobile & web development technologies

There are several technologies for mobile and web application development. Below are compared the main technologies for developing mobile applications based on multiple factors.

Technical Data
Web Hybrid Apps
Native Hybrid Apps
Native Apps
Fast and Responsive
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Runs on webview, more CPU and memory consuming

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Native-like performance; native execution of the code

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The best performance due to native execution

MVP-Orientated
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Good to test an idea in order to provide your users with a simple version of your app

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Good if you want to build a more polished MVP, but also want to build on it long-term

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Not the best choice for an MVP.

Frameworks & Technologies

Ionic Framework - React, Angular, Vue; JavaScript

Flutter, React Native, Xamarin

Java, Kotlin, Objective-C, Swift/SwiftUI

Debugging
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Harder to find platform-specific issues. Most of the debug process happens in the browser

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Great tools and mechanisms to find issues. In some cases native debugging may be needed

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Straight to the problem, easy profiling and optimizing processes

Ecosystem
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Good and growing community, mainly open source. Some modules may be needed to be written from scratch

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Strong documentation from platform owners; big community. May need to analyze native documentation for complex issues

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Big community, large support from platform owners - Google & Apple; best documentation

Easy to go into wider device functionality
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Slower and not so efficient due to multiple layers between the app and hardware

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All Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to the hardware is available, but in the dependency with platform author

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Direct access to all the device hardware; no intermediate layers

UI/UX platform conventions
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To match the UI of the user’s platform you must use a library or building components from scratch. Laggy interface.

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Almost native look and feel. Standard UI components provided by the framework maintainer.

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No compromises. Users will get a sense of familiarity while interacting with the app

Time & Cost
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Mostly works with reusable code for all platforms. While costs are lower due to web technologies, they can increase when you want to generate the native app experience.

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Mostly works with reusable code. Might increase the cost due to specialized developers

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More expensive. Separate development teams for iOS and Android platforms